Different Types of Masonry Construction.
Masonry is a construction method that involves layering different types of blocks, such as bricks, stone, or concrete, to create different kinds of structures. Masons layer these materials using mortar, an adhesive paste that bridges voids and holds materials together. The following are some of the masonry construction types :
- Brick: Brick is typically red or brown in color and has a rectangular shape made of clay and sand. Construction services frequently stack bricks on top of one another. They might be the most affordable materials to buy for masonry construction.
- Stone: Similar to bricks, stone masonry units can be stacked with other materials to strengthen a wall or walkway. Additionally, you can choose from a variety of stone surfaces, which will help you decide which texture will best enhance the aesthetic appeal of your construction project.
- Concrete: Sand, gravel, and cement make up concrete. The building crew frequently adds water to the concrete after a mason pours it on a property so that it can harden. Concrete masons may also make an effort to keep the concrete’s surface finish smooth and free of cracks.
- Glass block: Glass block masonry is the process of stacking squares or rectangles of slightly opaque glass to make a window, wall, or door. Glass partitions give a room some privacy while letting in natural light.
- Earthen ramming: Rammed earth is a mixture of different building materials that can be used to construct walls, floors, and foundations. Rammed earth is a common option among builders because it is a more environmentally friendly substitute for concrete.
- Form of insulating concrete: Insulating concrete forms are construction structures that use reinforcements to keep concrete in place and keep the heat in while keeping it stable.
- Translucent concrete: Concrete that is translucent or light-transmitting contains optical fibers to produce a pattern that can be seen from both sides. Masons working on commercial properties or clients who want to add visual interest to their space, particularly on walls, can use this type of concrete.
- Hempcrete: Hempcrete is a concrete-like insulating substance made of hemp, sand, and lime. When combined with a sturdy frame, it is a popular material for renovation projects, even though it is less load-bearing than concrete.
Masonry construction guidelines to follow
The following are the masonry construction procedures and guidelines that you may want to consider:
- Installation: Masonry installation requires a solid, rigid foundation from a professional masonry service . Usually, this consists of a system of concrete beams, structural steel, or a concrete foundation. Most building codes forbid using wood framing to support the weight of masonry because wood members lose strength when exposed to moisture.
- Coursing: To suit the requirements of particular projects, masonry units can also come in a variety of sizes and shapes. Additionally, the units can be positioned differently to produce various aesthetically pleasing effects.
- Unit expansion and shrinkage: Clay masonry units expand when exposed to moisture after manufacturing. This volumetric change in one unit causes the wall system to accumulate growth that is irreversible. Concrete masonry units typically shrink after manufacturing. If they are not taken into account in the design of the masonry elements, these movements may result in cracking, spalling, and displacements in the masonry. As a result, expansion joints are necessary when building with clay masonry, especially in locations that are exposed to the elements and are likely to get wet.
- Wall compositions: There are various types of masonry walls, including:
- A wall system’s veneer
- Cladding that also serves as a load-bearing system